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Some endangered species are protected mainly from human activity

Here are some examples:

Posidonia herbariums play a considerable role in keeping up the marine equilibrium: filtering carbon dioxide just as our forests do, feeding many species and sheltering small animals.

Exclusively located between 0 and 130ft deep, the herbarium suffers from pollution, coastal urbanisation and nautical activity.
The damages caused during the past 25 years will take 3000 years to be cured!
The grouper, this noble fish, is protected by a renewable moratorium that forbids its harpooning and fishing.

It has a surprising sexuality: born a female he does not turn into a male before the age of 9…

This idiosyncrasy was almost fatal to the species: the largest specimen, being males and harpooned, did not allow an efficient reproduction.

Today, this moratorium has been beneficiary to the whole grouper population as there is a rise in the number of groupers but it is still a species to be protected.

The large mother of pearl shells: the second largest shell in the world can be as long as 4ft and as old as 40 years.
It is an endemic species in the Mediterranean area.

As a consequence to human predation, pollution and mooring, its population had considerably dropped in the past decades.
Today, these beautiful shells are making a slow come back!

The red coral: one of the most beautiful treasures of the Mediterranean that has been used for jewellery and pharmacology for centuries…

It is in Provence that the red coral is most common.

These colonies of small animals develop very slowly, only about a few millimetres a year.
Today, large colonies can only be found in the deep sea.
The croaker: a beautiful fish with a gold and black shaded coat.
It is protected by the Bern convention (appendix 111) and this information is too often ignored.

It is a very agile fish, to be found with its family in the rocks or when swimming among the posidonia herbariums.

The cetaceans are closely protected in the Mediterranean sanctuary PELAGOS, a 54370 m² marine space regulated by a convention between Italy, Monaco and France for the protection of the marine mammals that live in the sanctuary.
Therefore, it is common to come across cetaceans on our coasts and there is a precise code of conduct to respect to observe them.
More animal and vegetal species
are protected in the Mediterranean :
The date shell, the large slipper lobster, the diadem urchin, the loggerhead sea turtle, the cymodocea, the monk seal...
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